Urban to launch the First Crusade aimed at aiding the Byzantine Empire and. 147 In addition, the Canon Laws for both the Latin Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches govern who may licitly celebrate certain sacraments, as well as strict rules about who may receive the sacraments. 51 Similarly, civil law may give force in its field to canon law, but only by specific enactment, as with regard to canonical marriages. These churches are communities of Catholic Christians whose forms of worship reflect distinct historical and cultural influences rather than differences in doctrine. 155 It washes away all sins, both original sin and personal actual sins. 271 272 History Main article: History of the Catholic Church Further information: History of early Christianity and Historiography of early Christianity The Christian religion is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, who lived and preached. The 1926 Calles Law separating church and state in Mexico led to the Cristero War 346 in which more than 3,000 priests were exiled or assassinated, 347 churches desecrated, services mocked, nuns raped, and captured priests shot. (2002) The Conjugal Act as Personal Act. Additionally, lay members aid many liturgical functions during worship services. In its own field it gives force to civil law only by specific enactment in matters such as the guardianship of minors. Catholic Church (disambiguation) and, catholic (disambiguation). 381 John Paul sought to evangelise an increasingly secular world. L.,., The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Rome and the Byzantine East would delve into further conflict during the Photian schism of the 860s, when Photius criticised the Latin west of adding of the filioque clause after being excommunicated by Nicholas. 375 Traditionalist Catholics, such as Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, however, strongly criticised the council, arguing that its liturgical reforms led "to the destruction of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the sacraments among other issues. 72 As of 2016, there are 221,700 parishes worldwide. Archived from the original (PDF) on Retrieved Largest Religious Groups in the USA. Retrieved 5 February 2014.